Education of women is an aspect of concern for the nation. Looking at the literacy rates in the country we can see a considerable difference in the literacy rates of men and women. According to the census in 2011 the literacy rate among men is 82.14% and among women is a mere 65.46%. This is not a huge difference but still is a considerable one. This low education level in women is one of the major obstacles standing in the way of women empowerment. Compared to men women have a much lower literacy rate. The number of women who go for higher education is very few. Girls do enroll in schools and colleges but most of them drop out even before completing their education.
There is a saying in English” The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world”. The meaning is that the mother in the family exercises a very great influence over the lives of her children, even more than the father. She plays a very significant role in their growth and development and she is also able mold their thoughts and character. If she is educated, she will make such impression on the mind of her children that will enable them in the later life to grow into a good human being and citizen. Not just this the education of women in India plays a significant role in improving livings standards in the country as well. A higher literacy rate among women improves the quality of life for people and not just inside the home and but outside of home as well. Various studies have shown that a lower level of women literacy rates results problems like in higher levels of fertility and infant mortality, poorer nutrition, lower earning potential and the lack of an ability to make decisions within a household.
Women indeed have a great impact on the house and the kids and in turn the society as well. An educated woman knows the important of education and makes sure than her kids are educated as well and knows how important it is. She is also more aware of her surroundings. She imbibes in them good qualities and makes them good citizens. ted. An educated girl is more important than an educated boy. Women education in India plays a very important role in the overall development of the country. It not only helps in the development of half of the human resources, but in improving the quality of life at home and outside. Educated women not only tend to promote education of their girl children, but also can provide better guidance to all their children.
India has one of the lowest female literacy rates in Asia. Seeing this and the significance of women education in the country the government has started many programs to promote the education of women in the country. The two important programs for the girl child education are
- Revised guidelines for implementation of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya
- National program for education of girls at elementary level.
These programs have certainly helped increase the level of education in the female population but there is still a long way to go before we can actually see its effect. Despite these programs and efforts from the NGOs working for this cause there are various factors that are hindering the education of girl child.
- Lack Of qualified female teachers: This is one of the major factor affecting the education of girls. Girls are more likely to attend schools if they have female teachers because they feel more comfortable and at ease with the lady teachers. Also, parents – especially in rural areas – are hesitant to send their girls to schools that have only male teachers. If there are female teachers in the school not just the girls but the parents as well feel more comfortable and safe in sending their daughters to school and the girls also feel at ease.
- Lack of transport facilities: This is a major problem specially in the rural areas. This is because not all the villages have school and generally there is one school for two three villages. And hence because of this the girls have to travel a long way to reach the school and this worries the parents. Primary education is often accessible much closer, but secondary education facilities assume that children will drop out as they age, and therefore fewer schools are established for older children. Therefore, these schools tend to be very far away from many school-age girls. This can be remedied only by opening more and more schools so that the schools are accessible to all.
- Lack of hostel facilities for girls: To go for higher education which is very far away from their homes and it is not possible for the children even to travel everyday to and fro, they have to live there only and avail hostel facilities. This scares the parents and the girls as well because they feel that they cannot stay out on their own. And also many of them don’t even have the means to afford such facilities and hence they are not able to go for higher education.
- Fear of sexual harassment: Parents often complain about insecurity for girls attending schools. Instances of abduction, rape and molestation of girls reduces the enthusiasm of parents and girl students in pursuing education beyond a certain age.
These are some of the factors responsible the low literacy rate among the females in our country, but this is nothing that cannot be remedied and eradicated. These factors have very real solutions to them and they can be implemented in the government take initiative. Women education is a topic of immense importance and should be dealt with extreme care.