Women in India, have started marking their places in fields like sports, politics, workplace and other fields where men have been dominating since Independence. Women Empowerment is a slogan which was let out by the government to give women an upper hand in a diminishing women era. There are various laws to stop illegal activities against women. These laws were to stop female foeticide, sexual harassment in the workplace or in educational institutions and domestic violence. Only women, who is determined, carve their own niche in every field. In spite of all this, women are treated as a second quality product Human Being category. Crime against women is increasing day by day, female foeticide is very common among women in urban areas, child marriage are common in rural areas, and the head of the family remains to be a man. The story does not end here, and the inferior status is conferred upon women, is their status in the field of politics. Women across the world face a lot of obstacles to participate in politics. The participation was 16% in 2005, but the figure has increased in recent times. The Largest democracy in the world, India, elected its first woman president in its 60th year of independence. In the run for supreme power, many have forgotten that, it was not only because of man’s power that India got its freedom, but there were lots of prominent women, who played a major role in releasing India from WHITE’s.
Women had the important places at the time of Vedas and Smritis. In those times, women were equal partners with men in all respects. Who had not heard about Sita, Gagri and Maitri? Begum Hazrat Mahal, Sarojini Naidu, Rani Laxmi Bai, Vijaya Laxmi Pandit and many others constitute the womanhood of India, who in the hour of peril for the motherhood, forsook the shelter of their homes with a brave face and endurance, stood shoulder to shoulder with the men, in the Frontline of India’s National army, to share the triumphs and sacrifices of the struggle. The majority of women in Indian politics is from the elite family. The problem in Indian politics is that seats are allotted for women, but they are not allowed to participate. When congress had power in their hand, it had reservation for women, but only 10 percent had participated while the BJP had less than 7 percent of women candidates. Even if there are seats allotted for women, they are relegated to the women’s wings and made to concentrate on ink-stained polls of the world largest democracy. While India exults after yet another election, one question remains: What is the role of Women in Indian Politics? The answer is in our hands. Typical India, it has contradictions.
India is the lowest quartile with respect to the number of women in the field, which is 9.1%. India ranks 99 in the world of women’s representation in parliament. Even many backward countries have women participants. The 15th Lok Sabha elections had the record of 59 women as a member of parliament, which is the highest since Independence. On the count of 59 members, 17 are under 40. While 50% of the women leaders are at the grassroots level, especially since the passing of 73rd amendment, which allotted one third seat for women. This is prevailing in many parts of India, but in some states like Karnataka, women are inducted into politics even before it was made mandatory by the constitution. Several states, including Himachal Pradesh, MP and Bihar have allotted not just the required 33%, but the count has gone up to 50%.
We run our life in a free country and this freedom is the gift of the democracy to us. The constitution allots the rights in an equal manner, but practically, it is 65% is to 35% of men and women respectively. India being on the developing mission is facing a lot of roadblocks in its progress. There are lots of complications around us. Around all these fuss, the participation of women is increasing in all spheres. Women are considered as a machine to give birth and to take care of them right from the traditional times. She was treated in a humiliating manner, but in the modern era, she has come up a lot by participating in education, sports, culture, politics, etc. Participation is very important to show “women power” to the world. Traditionally, women were considered to stay at home and do all household works, but after seeing her exceptional participation in all the sectors in which women were considered as unsuitable, have proved much better than men in some fields. This democratic country has shown its excellence in a lot of fields, but when it comes to politics, “SHE” becomes less important. Women have given equal importance in voting for the leaders; otherwise, “she” becomes just a word. The constitution has promised equal rights for men and women of the country. Women mark about 50% of the total population of India but when it comes to politics, not more than 10% of women are members in both ruling and the opposition parties.
Our country has seen many women leaders, but they do not adequately represent the women empowerment in politics. This is only a drop in the ocean and many needs to be done. Like the old adage goes, you educate a man, you educate an individual, but when you educate a woman, you educate your whole family. Reservation is the easy way to ensure the participation of women, but this reservation is steady at the bottom level, but when it goes to a higher level, there is a shake in the state. Participation of the minimum percentage of women in politics should be made mandatory like the right to vote. This alone would be enough for women empowerment. We are living in the twentieth century, even then we are not able to get rid of gender equality. All those cries and fight by women against their right is not against men, but it is against the tradition which has left them on the back-foot. When women get the power in politics, she will be able to achieve women empowerment in that field too, which is needed to give women the necessary boost to grow higher into the skies.